Table of contents:
- Only homosexuals are infected with HIV
- The virus is not spread the first time you have unprotected intercourse
- If you use the same bathroom or swim in a pool with someone who has the virus, you can get it
- HIV is not transmitted through oral sex
- Someone can get HIV from the sick person's sweat
This past December 1, International Day of Action against AIDS, we heard quite encouraging news: according to last year's data, the number of people who received access to treatment with HIV medications was greater than that of the people who became infected with the virus. This would mean that the disease has reached its crucial point, and that from this moment on the situation should start to improve little by little. It is the first time since antiretroviral drugs were introduced 27 years ago that treatment has spread faster than the incidence of the virus.. UNAIDS, the United Nations program on HIV / AIDS, reported that as of June 2014, nearly 14 million people worldwide had gained access to medicines, compared to just 5 million receiving treatment in 2010.
However, it is too early to claim victory, as noted by Erin Hohlfelder, director of global health policy for ONE, an anti-poverty campaign group that launched the report. There is a long way to go in the fight against this terrible disease and the achievements, for example, are less significant in the most affected regions, such as sub-Saharan Africa.
Against AIDS: Beyond parties and shopping
These are some important data reported by the United Nations:
In 2013, 35 million people were living with HIV, more than two million had been infected with the virus and one and a half million died of AIDS.
- The epidemic, which began more than thirty years ago, has so far claimed the lives of more than 40 million people.
- Global funding for HIV programs peaked last year, but is still below the $ 22 to $ 24 billion a year needed.
As with any other disease, the more we learn about AIDS, the better prepared we will be to prevent it. Here we tell you 5 myths about AIDS that you should know:
Only homosexuals are infected with HIV
In reality, all men and women can get HIV, regardless of age or religious beliefs.
The virus is not spread the first time you have unprotected intercourse
A person can catch it the first time they have unprotected sex.
If you use the same bathroom or swim in a pool with someone who has the virus, you can get it
HIV is only transmitted through unprotected sex, through blood transfusions and from mother to child during pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding.
HIV is not transmitted through oral sex
The vaginal secretions and semen have a high concentration of the virus, so that contact of these fluids with mucous or an open wound is a risk.
Someone can get HIV from the sick person's sweat
The HIV virus is not transmitted through sweat.