Genetics, One Of The Causes Of Obesity

Genetics, One Of The Causes Of Obesity
Genetics, One Of The Causes Of Obesity
Video: Genetics, One Of The Causes Of Obesity
Video: The genetic basis of obesity 2023, February
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Many of us have a constant fight against extra pounds and try to maintain an ideal weight not only to look good, but also to avoid the diseases that can cause overweight and obesity. But this problem is not just for women, it affects people of any age, including children. In fact, there is an obesity epidemic currently in the United States and in other countries that are adopting certain first world customs. Eating junk food and leading a sedentary lifestyle are the main causes of excess weight in modern societies. But what if obesity is not only determined by these factors? Could it be that some people are more predisposed than others to suffer from this disease?

According to new research results, that appears to be the case. Two studies recently published in the journal Nature conclude that genes play an important role in obesity. After analyzing genetic samples from more than 300,000 people, the researchers found 140 dots in the DNA that are related to obesity. One of the studies focused on genes that affect how and where fat is stored in the body.. Karen Mohike, professor of genetics at the University of North Carolina School of Medicine and lead author of the study, noted that "different fat accumulations present different health risks." It is known, for example, that people with more fat accumulation in the abdomen area are more likely to suffer from type 2 diabetes - which affects our Hispanic community so much - and vascular disease.

In the other study, which paid attention to the relationship between genes and body mass index (BMI), the scientists found 97 genetic associations with BMI. Genetic locations related to areas that control appetite and energy use were also found.

Does it mean that there is nothing to do if you are destined to be obese ? On the contrary, far from serving as a pretext to lead a passive life and without worrying about what we eat, these studies open the doors to the search for new approaches. "The large number of genes makes it less likely that there will be a single obesity-fighting solution that works for everyone," said lead author of this study, Dr. Elizabeth Speliotes, assistant professor of internal medicine and bioinformatics at the System of University of Michigan Health, “and the doors are opened to possible ways in which we could use genetic information to help overcome obesity" The next step, the researchers explain, is to determine how these genes work and how they make people more prone to obesity.

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But you do not have to wait for these investigations to be completed if you are overweight - either because of genetics or your lifestyle - and you want to lose weight. Talk to your doctor and ask him or her to recommend a program that is safe and effective.

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