7 Truths About AIDS: What You Didn't Know About This Disease

7 Truths About AIDS: What You Didn't Know About This Disease
7 Truths About AIDS: What You Didn't Know About This Disease
Video: 7 Truths About AIDS: What You Didn't Know About This Disease
Video: HIV & AIDS - signs, symptoms, transmission, causes & pathology 2023, February

In the early years of the AIDS epidemic, little was known and confusion was great among both doctors and patients. One of the negative consequences of not knowing how this new disease behaved was the isolation and discrimination suffered by homosexuals, when it was thought that the disease only affected them and they had no idea how it was transmitted. However, despite awareness and solidarity campaigns, despite social and medical advances in the fight against AIDS and HIV, still today many people still believe various myths and falsehoods about this disease.

Here are some facts about AIDS and HIV that you may not know, or that you may not be so sure about:

A positive person does not necessarily have AIDS

When someone is seropositive it means that they are infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This infection destroys the immune system and opens doors for many other infections. AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) is the most advanced stage of loss of immune protection, and can take up to ten years to reach that point.

The virus is not only transmitted sexually (or through infected needles)

Contact with the body fluids of an infected person can also cause transmission. But this does not occur from just touching them, but when they enter the body of another person through a wound or any cavity.

The first symptoms are almost imperceptible

From 2 to 3 weeks after being infected, up to two or three months, the person may feel something similar to a cold or the flu. Other people feel absolutely nothing. Among the most common symptoms are fever, tiredness, sore throats, chills, night sweats, muscle aches, and mouth sores.

The tests to detect the virus are very simple

Tests to detect the virus can now be done with a simple blood test, which takes no more than ten minutes.

HIV is not the end of sex

With adequate protection, a person infected with HIV can continue their active sex life. Condoms are the best option to avoid transmission through the anus or vagina. In the case of oral sex, people should make sure that there is no injury in the mouth, and even better, use a latex dental dam.

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Thanks to medical advances, all an HIV-positive mother has to do is take the necessary medications during pregnancy. This prevents the virus from passing from the mother to the fetus.

Just because you have HIV doesn't mean you're going to die of AIDS

Infection with the virus can be treated through lifestyle changes and medications. There are people who have been more than ten years without allowing the disease to progress.

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