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Sweating is a completely healthy thing. Known as perspiration, it is a normal process of all human beings that begins only a few months after birth. Its function is to regulate the temperature of the body through the secretion of sweat, that transparent fluid that is nothing more than a mixture of water, salts and proteins, which when evaporating causes the temperature to decrease. There are two types of sweat glands: the apocrine glands, which are the largest and are found in the armpit area, and which only produce 1% of sweat, and the eccrine glands, which are all over the body and are responsible for the most of the perspiration.
But what makes us sweat? There are many factors that cause sweating, starting perhaps with the most obvious one, which is exposing ourselves to high temperatures, up to perspiration caused by a moment of nervousness or tension. Although on average we sweat about a liter a day, it is possible to sweat up to 10 liters when it is very hot or we are doing physical activities. Even some spicy or very hot foods can make us sweat, in addition to health problems or as a side effect of some medications. In the case of women, hormonal changes, pregnancy and menstruation can also make us sweat. But although we have more eccrine glands than men, theirs are more active.
Do you think you sweat too much?
Sweat is normal, but excessive sweating can be a consequence of a health complication, and it is recommended that you consult your doctor, although only about 1% of people who sweat excessively suffer from primary hyperhidrosis, a disease of the glands. sweating that makes them activate when it is not necessary and that can be hereditary. On the other hand, secondary hyperhidrosis can be caused, among others, by diseases like these:
Hypoglycemia from diabetes
- Heart attack
- Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
What can you do
There are tests to determine if you have hyperdrosis- the starch and iodine test, the paper test, or even blood tests if the doctor suspects there are problems with the thyroid gland. And among the treatments that you can resort to are strong antiperspirants, these contain 10 to 20% of aluminum chloride hexahydrate and cover the sweat ducts if the problem is in the armpits; medications to prevent stimulation of the sweat glands; a procedure known as iontophoresis, in which electricity is used to temporarily deactivate the sweat glands that cause excessive sweat in the hands and feet; Botox injections are also used for extreme underarm sweating; and if these treatments don't work, you can also resort to surgery,either through the operation of the armpit wherebyglands that secrete sweat are removed or through a procedure called endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy, which aims to cut the nerve that sends the signal so that the body sweats excessively.