Osteoporosis: The "silent Disease" That Affects Women And That You Can Prevent

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Osteoporosis: The "silent Disease" That Affects Women And That You Can Prevent
Osteoporosis: The "silent Disease" That Affects Women And That You Can Prevent
Video: Osteoporosis: The "silent Disease" That Affects Women And That You Can Prevent
Video: Osteoporosis -- The Silent Disease 2023, February

Osteoporosis is known as a "silent disease", since many women do not know they have it until the moment they suffer a fracture in the hip, wrist or vertebrae. Its appearance is as frequent as breast, uterine or ovarian cancer

Amgen figures show that in the United States alone last year there were 2 million fractures, but by 2025 that number is going to increase by 48%; that is, 3 million.

And when does it appear?

As explained to us by Janet I. Sánchez, specialist in internal medicine and representative of Amgen, this disease begins to appear after 40, just after menopause, because you begin to lose bone mass, which increases the risk that the bones break.

“It is a critical illness and many times it is not diagnosed or receives treatment until a fracture occurs. In addition, it is a more recurring condition in women than in men. It is said that one in two women is a victim of it because they lose estrogens, in the case of men out of five, only 1 is affected as they age due to the decrease in the production of testosterone. The main cause that causes it is menopause when the production of bone mass decreases, but also smoking and lack of exercise contribute to suffering it, "said Dr. Sánchez.

Also the absence of long menstrual periods, genetics, drinking alcohol, low body weight, having an eating disorder and even suffering from diabetes imply an increased risk of contracting osteoporosis.

"Blood sugar is a disease that weakens all the organs of the human being and you are more prone to have these bone problems. Equally asthma, because it requires special medications that weaken the bones, "added Dr. Eneida Agosto, a rheumatologist, who also indicated that you lose bone mass because while your body generates estrogens before menopause, there is a perfect balance because every day the bones regenerate. With the arrival of the "meno", this balance is altered because the bone becomes weaker due to the lack of calcium.

No symptoms

Specialists agree that this condition has no symptoms. You realize because the bones are brittle and brittle. As you age, your body reabsorbs calcium and phosphate from your bones, rather than keeping these minerals in them. This makes your bones weaker.

“There are no symptoms that let you know that you are losing muscle. Generally, you notice a fracture after moving a piece of furniture, sneezing, or coughing. When that happens, you feel unmanageable pain that can even keep you motionless for two weeks, "Agosto said.

What check-ups should I have?

Dr. Sánchez assures that to rule out or confirm the condition it is necessary for you to undergo a mineral density test (BMD), which requires that the patient does not ingest 24 hours before this any dairy or calcium product. In older patients it is easier to detect it because they lose height and their back becomes wider.

What healthy habits to follow

Both specialists recommend the following tips:

Follow a diet rich in calcium, such as dairy.

  • Eat more sardines and salmon.
  • Include fruits and vegetables in your meals.
  • Get at least 30 minutes of exercise every day.
  • Take magnesium, vitamin D, and calcium supplements.
  • Quit smoking and drinking alcohol.

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